Significance of Building Information Modelling
BIM which refers to building information modelling is a technique that has been adopted in the AEC industry that helps to plan and manage projects effectively. During the design process, BIM facilitates creation of digital representations of buildings by using geometry and relevant data. This technology has made a positive impact in this industry as there are benefits such as utilizationof software tools. BIM also helps to improve the operability between construction teams, effective coordination of construction projects as well as better scheduling. With the help of BIM services, the design team consisting of engineers, surveyors, architects among others are able to get a virtual information model to pass to contractors to implement the design. Even before moving to the site of construction, the design team is able to get a virtual construction model of the project.
BIM helps to provide high quality as well as accurate documentation of the construction process. In order for the level of interaction between contractors, engineers as well as architects to improve, the building lifecycle is significantly minimized. It also helps in coordination during the various stages of the building lifecycle which helps to eliminate any conflicts between the experts. Besides production of accurate quantity take-offs, BIM also helps to provide improved construction management during the entire process. Implementing BIM during the design process leads to a more cost-effective project.
With the help of BIM, the 3D objects of the design can be analyzed by the computer in order to identify any errors and correct them automatically thus making this technology more superior as compared to manual drawings. This helps to reduce the number of errors and change orders due to this capability of the technology. During cost estimation and placing orders for materials, contractors use the data provided by BIM to generate bills for the materials. Building models therefore allow integration of most processes involved in a construction project.
BIM makes use of tools that are quite different unlike those used in CADD. Online simulation of a construction model is what BIM mostly involves and the process provides better products that are cheaper to owners. This technology is characterized by use of coordinated computable information on a building project during design as well as construction. Creation of the model enhances better decision making, construction planning, performance predictions as well as cost estimates. Since BIM is implemented during the entire building life cycle, it is used during operation as well as maintenance stages.
BIM enables creation of different components of construction in order to reduce the design lifecycle before its implemented. Another advantage of using BIM technology is that aids in eliminating wastage of construction material which leads to lower project costs.